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Vienna, Austria (BBN) – We love to watch ‘action’ when it comes to the oil market. ‘Action’ is the trading tool comparing what should happen to what actually does happen.
Oil is of course down year-to-date despite OPEC cutting production this year, reports
We define that as ‘bad action.’ OPEC is now even considering extending the cuts in order to boost price.
Oil should also be breaking out to new highs given current geo-political concerns along with the upcoming US driving season.
With all that, oil is still having a tough time below a key technical resistance line. That portends downside for oil.
In early January, at exactly the time when OPEC began their historic move to cut production, the price of oil peaked above $55.
We drew the resistance line on the chart above which we noticed had formed based on key action.
That line, at $52.75, acted as a critical area for breakouts and breakdowns.
OPEC cuts, extending OPEC cuts, the coming driving season, and most recently a serious US-North Korean geo-political event can’t seem to buoy oil and keep it up. That’s a problem.
If so much good news can’t push oil higher, we fear bad news can more easily take oil lower.
Oil traders are hoping that typical seasonal demand can support oil prices.
It’s already mid-April, the portion of the year when driving starts to pick up.
The more ‘official’ start to driving season begins in late May with Memorial Day, May 29th.
Either way you look at it, oil typically has positive seasonality about now.
From a seasonal perspective, oil prices historically bottom early in the year and start moving up as spring approaches. We should now be in the “moving up period.”
If the resistance line of $52.75 for oil continues to hold the commodity down, that shows the underlying weakness in oil.
Another reason we worry about the summer driving season being weak for oil demand is that GDP estimates are currently weak.
The Atlanta Fed’s GDP Now estimate is only expecting US GDP of .5% for the first quarter. That would be the lowest growth rate for GDP since January 2014.
Oil and GDP move together to some degree, which is logical. If a weak economy hits during the critical summer driving season, oil is in trouble.
Above, US GDP quarterly changes in red versus the price of oil in blue. Many of the moves up and down, noted by our arrows, had oil and GDP moving in lockstep.
If The Atlanta Fed has it right and GDP slows, that takes the wind out of the sails (and sales) for the summer driving season and weakens support for oil prices.
That’s the risk.
OPEC meets in Vienna, Austria on May 25th. Saudi Arabia, whose vote is critical for the extension of a production freeze decision, hasn’t committed to the cuts continuing.
We’d guess market participants are assuming cuts will continue. The risk is if OPEC doesn’t extend the production cuts. That would pull away yet another oil price support.
US shale production has of course been eating away at the OPEC cut benefits all along, possibly making the May 25th decision a sell-the-news, negative event.
Even though crude inventories dropped yesterday, oil prices went lower after the report. We take that as the latest sign overhead technical resistance is fierce against a growing array of negative catalysts.
We have critical resistance above and ‘bad action’ on great news about oil, thanks to US shale out-producing the OPEC cuts. Summer driving season could work against oil’s typical seasonal benefit if US GDP were to slow. All of this makes us bearish on oil, especially if it can’t get above $52.75 and stay there.